The technological specialisation of the selected regions is calculated using the Revealed Technological Advantage (RTA) index. The RTA index is calculated only for regions that have at least 300 patents during the period of analysis (2006 - 2016), a threshold that indicates a relatively strong inventive activity in the region.
The RTA index ranges from zero to infinite, where zero indicates that the region has no patent activity in a technology and thus it is fully de-specialised in that technology, while a value one shows that the patenting activity of an area in one technology "t" is exactly equal to the weight that this technology has on the patenting activity at the EU27 area. A value greater than one in a specific technology indicates that area is relatively specialised in this technology. Our application displays for each region results only for the first ten technologies with the highest RTA.
The Scientific Specialization index is calculated by the number of publications of each scientific subject area. The blue info-box displays information on the prevailing subject area of publications in this region, while the green presents the second in line and the orange the third one. Due to the nature of publication norms, usually the prevailing subject area is "Medicine". However, the second and third subject area differentiates from region to region.